Turkish exports have very a significant role in every country. The Republic of Turkey shipped goods that are worth of US$169.5 billion worldwide in 2020. This dollar amount reflects an increase of 18.8% since 2016, but a decrease of 0.9% from 2019 to 2020.
In terms of the continent, 55.7% of Turkey’s exports on a value basis were delivered to European countries, while 26% were sold to Asian importers. Turkey sent another 9% worth of goods to Africa. Smaller percentages went to North America (6.9%), Latin America excluding Mexico but including the Caribbean (1.7%), followed by Oceania, led by Australia, the Marshall Islands, and New Zealand (0.7%).
Thanks to its four seasons, different climatic conditions, and fertile soils, a significant amount of agricultural products are grown in Turkey every year. The agricultural products exported by Turkey are mainly; nuts, grapes, tobacco, tomatoes, apricots, lemons, figs, eggs, lentils, oranges, tangerines, cherries, olives, cotton, peppers, chicken meat, poppy seeds, cucumbers, chickpeas, wheat, walnuts, apples, pistachios, onions, sunflower, strawberry, peach, pumpkin, corn, potato, and chestnut.
So, what are the products that Turkey produces the most? Read on for the answer to the question.
Top 10 Products
Turkey’s most important export products are automotive, ready-made clothing and textiles, white goods, agriculture, and food products, while the most important import products are natural gas and petroleum, automotive and electronic devices.
The following export product groups represent the highest dollar value in Turkey’s global shipments in 2020. In addition, the percentage share that each export category represents in terms of total exports from Turkey is also shown.
- Vehicles: USD 22.1 billion (13% of total exports)
- Machines, including computers: $16.8 billion (9.9%)
- Electrical machinery, equipment: $9.3 billion (5.5%)
- Iron, steel: $8.8 billion (5.2%)
- Knit or crochet clothing, accessories: $8.4 billion (4.9%)
- Plastics, plastic goods: $7 billion (4.1%)
- Gemstones, precious metals: $6.7 billion (3.9%)
- Clothing, accessories (not knit or crochet): $6.6 billion (3.9%)
- Products of iron or steel: $6.4 billion (3.8%)
- Fruits, nuts: $4.8 billion (2.9%)
Turkey’s top 10 exports account for less than three-fifths (57.1%) of the total value of its global shipments. Fruits and nuts were the fastest growing among the top 10 export categories, up 15.6% year-on-year since 2019. In increasing export sales, plastics and products made of plastic took second place with an increase of 10.7%. Turkey’s electrical machinery and equipment shipments recorded the third fastest increase in value, up 6.5% year on year.
Among Turkey’s top 10 export categories, the vehicle that declined the most was the number one product export vehicle with a decrease of -15.6%. Note that the results listed above are at the categorized two-digit Harmonized Tariff System (HTS) code level.
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